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From Night Sweats To Pain: Expert Lists Warning Signs Of Lymphoma You Should Watch Out For

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, causing symptoms like itching and fever. Scroll down to find out more.

Sushmita Sharma
Written by: Sushmita SharmaUpdated at: Jul 12, 2023 18:42 IST
From Night Sweats To Pain: Expert Lists Warning Signs Of Lymphoma You Should Watch Out For

Onlymyhealth Tamil

Have you ever experienced persistent fatigue, unexplained weight loss, or night sweats that left you puzzled and concerned about your health? These seemingly innocuous symptoms might be early warning signs of lymphoma, a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system. While it's easy to dismiss these symptoms as temporary setbacks or signs of a busy lifestyle, it's important to be vigilant and recognise when they may indicate something more significant.

Dr Neelesh Reddy, Consultant, Medical Oncologist, Manipal Hospital Yeshwanthpur, Hebbal, and Millers Road, explained lymphoma and listed the warning signs. 

According to a study published by StatPearls, lymphoma represents approximately 5% of malignancies and is estimated to have a survival rate of 72%.

lymphoma

What Is Lymphoma

Dr Reddy said, “Lymphoma is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, which is a part of the body's immune system. The lymphatic system consists of lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, spleen, thymus, and bone marrow, all of which work together to fight infections and diseases. Lymphoma arises when abnormal lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) start to grow uncontrollably.”

Lymphoma is divided into two basic categories: Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The main distinction between the two is the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells, which are abnormal and are found only in HL. In NHL, a diverse group of lymphomas with many subtypes can be seen.

Also Read: Curing Cancer: Expert Explains Importance Of Early Detection And Treatment

Warning Signs Of Lymphoma

fever

Dr Reddy listed some common warning signs of lymphoma as follows:

  • Enlarged lymph nodes: Lymph nodes may become swollen, usually painless, and can be felt under the skin in areas, such as the neck, armpits, or groin.
  • Unexplained weight loss: Significant and unexplained weight loss without any apparent cause can be a symptom of lymphoma.
  • Fatigue and weakness: Persistent fatigue, weakness, and a lack of energy can be indicators of lymphoma.
  • Night sweats: Excessive sweating, particularly at night, can be a symptom of lymphoma.
  • Fever: Unexplained and recurrent fevers that come and go away may be another warning sign.
  • Itching: Itchy skin without a rash or other visible causes can sometimes be associated with lymphoma.
  • Pain and swelling: Some people with lymphoma may experience persistent pain or swelling in the affected area, such as the abdomen or chest.

Diagnosis Of Lymphoma

lymphoma-treatment

Dr Reddy said, “When any of these symptoms start to appear, an individual must proactively consult an oncologist. This helps identify the root cause of the symptoms as it can be associated with various other health conditions too.”

The doctor may perform a physical exam, imaging tests (CT or PET scans), and a biopsy of the affected lymph node or organ to either diagnose or rule out the disease. In some cases, blood tests and bone marrow biopsy may also be required to determine the extent of the disease and its specific subtype. 

Treatment For Lymphoma

Once the diagnosis is confirmed and the stage is determined, a treatment plan is designed. This may involve either one or more treatment modalities, including chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and/or stem cell transplant. Early discovery of the disease and prompt medical attention play an important role in the successful treatment of lymphoma. 

Disclaimer

The information in this article is provided by a registered healthcare professional and is for informational purposes only. We advise you to consult with your expert for a diagnosis and treatment tailored to your needs and medical history.

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