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Kidney Cancer: 4 Stages Of This Deadly Disease, Expert Explains

It is crucial to understand the stages of kidney cancer to determine appropriate treatment options and prognosis for patients. Know from our expert.

Tanya Srivastava
Written by: Tanya SrivastavaUpdated at: Jul 06, 2023 16:23 IST
Kidney Cancer: 4 Stages Of This Deadly Disease, Expert Explains

Onlymyhealth Tamil

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cell carcinoma, is a serious illness that affects thousands of people worldwide. Kidney cancer occurs when the cells in the kidney undergo abnormal and uncontrolled growth, forming a tumour. It is crucial to understand the stages of kidney cancer to determine the appropriate treatment options and prognosis for patients. 

Speaking with the editorial team of OnlyMyHealth, Dr Harshit Shah, Surgical Oncologist, Associate Consultant, Fortis Hospital Mumbai explains the four stages of kidney cancer and it’s treatment. Here is what he shared with us.

Stages Of Kidney Cancer

Here are the four stages of this potentially deadly disease:

Stage 1 Of Kidney Cancer

In this early stage, the tumour is confined to the kidney and measures less than 7 centimetres in diameter. It has not spread to nearby lymph nodes or other organs. At this stage, the cancer is often localised and highly curable with surgery. The five-year survival rate for stage 1 kidney cancer is relatively high.

Stage 2 Of Kidney Cancer

At this stage, the tumour has grown larger, either extending beyond the kidney or reaching nearby tissues. It still hasn't spread to lymph nodes or distant organs. Surgical removal of the tumour remains the primary treatment, but additional therapies may be recommended based on individual cases. The five-year survival rate for stage 2 kidney cancer is slightly lower than stage 1.

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Stages And Treatment Of Kidney Cancer

Stage 3 Of Kidney Cancer

In this advanced stage, the tumour has grown significantly and may invade nearby lymph nodes or other structures around the kidney. The cancer may also spread to adjacent blood vessels. Treatment options for stage 3 kidney cancer may include surgery, targeted therapies, immunotherapies, or a combination of these approaches. The five-year survival rate for stage 3 kidney cancer varies depending on the extent of the disease.

Stage 4 Of Kidney Cancer

This is the most advanced stage of kidney cancer, where the tumour has spread to distant organs, such as the lungs, bones, or liver. Stage 4 kidney cancer is considered metastatic and more challenging to treat. Treatment focuses on controlling the cancer's growth, managing symptoms, and improving the patient's quality of life. The five-year survival rate for stage 4 kidney cancer is relatively low compared to earlier stages.

It is important to note that each individual's case is unique, and survival rates can vary depending on various factors, including the patient's overall health, age, and response to treatment. Regular medical check-ups, early detection, and prompt treatment are crucial in improving the chances of successful outcomes in kidney cancer cases, shares Dr Shah.

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